Changing your banking instinct

Without thinking consciously about it, over time core behaviors change producing different instinctive reactions. When a phone rings today, we go to our pocket or purse, not running to a device on a desk or on the wall. When we are interacting with a mobile phone that is not our own or an ATM machine, we’ll instinctively touch the screen to navigate, even if it is not a touch screen device. When you go from reading on a Kindle or iPad to a real book, the pages are frustratingly manual to turn. When we need to take a photo with friends, increasingly we reach for our phone, even if we have a camera stuck somewhere in our bag.

What was our instinct in banking?

The earliest instincts around banking was a safe place to store your assets, and in many ways that is still the case. However, banking in its infancy didn’t necessarily involve a bank or money at all. The earliest forms of banking involved the deposit of commodities or valuables that were traded, and often they were deposited in temples or palaces, the safest physical locations. It wasn’t until the 16th and 17th centuries that organized banking started to emerge globally, particularly as the wealthy tried to keep their assets safe during the dark ages. Even then, banking was still exclusive. It really wasn’t until the 20th century that banking became more mainstream and people started considering storing their savings in a bank.

Since then banking has been an instinctive part of the lives of most people in the developed world.

It wasn’t long before it became instinctive to pull out our cheque book to pay for a large ticket item. Some would also use lay-away or lay-buy plans, but these largely disappeared over the last decade or so. Over time those instincts changed to use credit cards, and more recently debit cards at the point of sale.

In the past our instinct when we needed cash was to think about where the nearest branch was and figure out when we would need to go to withdraw cash. Over time that instinct changed to using an ATM machine, and we went from planning when we’d withdraw cash, to just picking the nearest ATM machine when the cash in our wallet was getting low.

In the past our instinct when paying a bill was to write a cheque and send it in the mail, or to go down to a post office or office of the utility company and pay the bill in person. Today, that instinct has changed to where we pay online in an instant.

It’s ironic that we think of banking as a slow and steady institution that doesn’t really change, but in reality the utility of our money means that our behavior in respect to banking has always been changing.

The future instincts of banking

So what will your instincts for banking be in the next decade?

Not a place you go, something you do…

Firstly, we won’t instinctively think of banking as a place you go. The concept that a branch is at the centre of our banking relationship has been central to retail banking for over 800 years. This is the primary instinctual shift that will occur in the next few years.

Instead of looking for a place to store your money, we’ll look for a trusted brand that is safe to store our money, but equally important will be a brand that offers strong utility and a seamless connection to the things we do with our money. A safe and trusted banking partner will be a bank that offers me access to my money and access to financial services when and where I need them. A bank that demands or prefers a physical interaction, will increasingly be avoided instinctively as too hard to work with, as irrelevant to my daily life, and as slow and unwieldy.

On rare occasions for the minority of us that have complex asset allocations, trust structures and so forth, we’ll look for a physical place to go where we aspire to get the high-touch service of a personal banker who recognizes our status as a special class of banking customer – but this will not be an overriding instinct day-to-day, it will be incidental to our general banking experience. The majority of the time, even for the high-net worth client, instinct will simply dictate a much more efficient engagement of the ‘bank’.

Move and Pay, Safely and Efficiently

When it comes to day-to-day interactions, the emphasis on the movement of our money will be speed and security. Inevitably in the short-term our instinct will be to pull out our phone at the point-of-sale to pay for goods and services. We’ll do this not only because it is much faster than using cash or a card, but because our money management will be articulated through this personal device – we’ll see our balance, what our monthly expenditure is, what upcoming expenses we have and be able to understand the context of this payment on our financial life in an instant. The same would have taken much more effort with cash, our cheque book or our card.

Your instinct for payments is changing again

Security of our cash will be also a primary reason for the shift to digital money. Increasingly we’ll look to the technology of encryption, geo-location tagging, biometrics and active identity management to secure the flow of our funds. We won’t trust a piece of plastic or a piece of paper that can be easily corrupted or stolen, and the technology of ‘hacking’ our cash from a secure device will require a level of expertise and high-performance computing that make it far less frequent than the compromise of traditional physical ‘payment’ artifacts.

At the point that it is simply no longer safe to do things with cash and plastic, our instincts will quickly change to keep our finances safe once again. Being able to see what has been happening with our money over time, will also drive us to increasing digital management of our money.

Core instincts are at the heart of the change in bank modality

First and foremost our instinct for banking is keeping our money safe, secondly is the need for the utility of our money. Neither of these core instincts will lend us to continue to support the physical elements of banking and payments that we’ve been used to in the last 100 years. We will measure ‘safety’ in the trust of a brand, not in the bricks and mortar of branches. We will measure ‘utility’ in the seamless access to our cash, and the availability of the bank in our life when and where we need it.

Our instincts are rapidly changing. We don’t store grain and gold in Temples or Palaces anymore. Already most of the world doesn’t use cheques anymore. If you’re heavily invested in branches and the physical, you don’t understand the core instinct that banking is.

Comments

  1. Ron Shevlin says:

    To be honest, neither “place you go” OR “thing you do” resonates w/ me.

    I think that, for pretty much anyone in the U.S. over the age of 30 (maybe 35), the “instinct” in banking (or “to” banking) revolves around two, closely related concepts:

    1. Checks.
    2. The checking account.

    Checks were (and still are for many folks, but probably not the ones reading this blog post)a prevalent form of payment. They might not have been the primary or preferred way people wanted to pay, but until (relatively) recently, you couldn’t get away from them. Especially for paying bills, and for P2P transactions.

    Checks were (and still are) tied to something called a checking account. It was (is) the place where people parked their paychecks, and used as the central store for making payments, and even saving and investing.

    As for banking being a “place to go” or even “thing to do’, I just don’t people think that way. In fact, I think the majority of people don’t think about banking AT ALL. They open an account, write checks, and pray they don’t write checks for more than they have in the account.

    There are two big drivers causing change in this view:
    1. Technology-based payment mechanisms, and
    2. The growing importance of financial management discipline.

    It seems to me that way too much of the discussion about the changes in banking is based on #1 and not #2.

    As managing one’s finances is becoming more important, the need for help in making smarter decisions about which financial products/services to have becomes more important, and the need for help in making smarter decisions about how to spend and invest one’s money becomes more important.

    What this means, as far as I’m concerned is that the move to mobile payments is all well and fine…but won’t be very disruptive without changes in how accounts are structured, linked, and integrated, and without additional services that help consumers manage those accounts — OR account (in the singular) if that’s what emerges.

    And that’s what intrigues me, and interests me most about Movenbank — not the mobile piece. Big deal. It’s more about the fluid product structure that eliminates the walls between checking and savings account, and tears down the walls between debit and credit products.

    THAT’S the new instinct in the coming decade: Banking as integrated, personal financial management.

  2. brettking says:

    Ron,

    You’re absolutely right. The utility and your connection to your money will be revolutionized in the next decade.

    Right now management of your personal finances is a very passive activity that occurs before or after a spending decision in the real world, largely. With integration of the mobile into the payments space, you can make those interactions much more real-time and active, so that a spending decision has much greater context. A great deal of what we’re working on with CRED and the feedback system at Movenbank is about that very goal or aim.

    Brett King
    BANK 2.0

  3. Salil Ravindran says:

    Totally agree with you Brett. I am looking forward to the following kind of day

    1. Log into my mobile wallet on a fine Saturday morning
    2. Find there are discount sales running at the C&A nearby
    3. Shop at the C&A where I use a scanner app to add to my basket
    4. Discount offers are thrown to me when I scan price tags
    5. Validate my total shopping amount against my balance,monthly budget and spending behaviour – connect to a PFM tool (say within Movenbank!)
    6. I am informed on possible financing and credit options real time
    7. Make a contactless payment with the mobile wallet where I get to choose the bank (if I have multiple reationships) and the account therein.
    8. Display the loyalty points I have accrued after the latest transaction i.e. retailer loyalty points and/or those from the bank
    9. Suggest possible options for me to redeem those points – either as goods at the retailer or as possible rebate on transaction charges/fees at the bank.

    Ofcourse this requires a sound partnership between the retailer and the bank but I believe this is not far away. And finally a hope that I do remember to carry my mobile phone that day!

Speak Your Mind

*