There’s a great deal of discussion and debate around what will ultimately happen to banking as a result of the massive changes in connectivity, utility, mobility and customer experience taking place right now. One thing is for sure, the world is changing.
We see PayPal owning online payments, with others like Stripe hot on their tails.
Square is attempting to disrupt the POS and circumvent the existing payments rails by going cardless.
Simple and Movenbank are vying for the new definition of the ‘bank account’.
Telcos like Rogers applying for banking licenses, and ISYS pitching head-to-head with banks for mobile wallet dominance in North America.
We also see Facebook and Twitter becoming increasingly dominant channels for customer dialog.
Intermediate or Disintermediate?
So will banks get disintermediated in all this? Well, yes and no. In economics,disintermediation is generally defined as the removal of intermediaries in a supply chain: “cutting out the middleman”. So there’s not too many middlemen in the typical retail banking distribution chain. To some extent in financial services this is already happening with the decline in stock brokers, insurance agents, etc in favor of direct. However, conversely, a bunch of newer aggregators and intermediaries are popping up as the interface to the bank or payments providers.
New intermediary plays in the last couple of years include Square, iTunes, Simple, Mint, and others. Probably the most interesting new intermediary to emerge in the last year or so is Google Wallet (or Google, or THE Google wallet – not like THE facebook though…). If you doubt the veracity of my statement, here’s proof – after just over 18 months of operation, Square supports 1/8th of all US merchants. They didn’t exist 2 years ago.
So we’re likely to see more variations on a theme in banking and payments, where new players are coming into the ecosystem and offering value beyond the traditional methods of distribution. In its purest form, this will be simply a challenge to the branch-led distribution model. How so? Ultimately, with mobile banking and payments, the branch and resultant paperwork processes becomes a convenience “penalty” for transactional and basic onboarding. This friction is a target for disruptors.
Disruption and Disenfranchising
The disruption that is occuring in the customer experience is all about removing friction in outmoded or outdated processes for customers. Whenever you tell a customer he needs to fill out manual paperwork, or visit a physical location today, you’re going to increasingly get kickback from a segment of the market. While many will argue passionately for the role of a face-to-face interaction and the “richness” of the branch experience, the reality is that there are two reasons why most customers will balk at that.
Firstly, they don’t have the time or they perceive it is faster to go an alternative route – convenience was always a key driver for disruptors like Amazon and iTunes. Secondly, we’re being trained that you can open pretty much any non-bank relationship completely digitally today – so KYC (Know-Your-Customer) issues aside, the push is for rapid digital onboarding of customers. In usability terms we call the later a design pattern and it ends up driving consumer’s expectations becuase it is a entrenced behavioral expectation.
Digital natives won’t be able to figure out why you can sign up for Facebook, iTunes, PayPal and other relationships completely electronically, but your bank still requires a signature. It defies logic for the modern consumer, and no amount of arguing regulation will overcome that basic expectation.
The end result of this is that banks being the slow, calculated and risk adverse organizations that they are, will likely allow disruptors the opportunity to come into the space between the bank and the consumer as a ‘friction’ eliminator.
Secondly, geo-location and contextuality of banking products and services, will mean a marketing and engagement layer that is built on either event or location triggers to recognize the need for a financial services product and the capability to stimulate an engagement or journey in real-time.
The mobile, wallet and tablet are all key components in this shift, as is social media and the cloud to some extent.
In the end banks will, for basic products, no longer exclusively own the end consumer. They’ll simply be the underpinning bank manufacturer that supplies the product to a new distribution channel or channel partner.
So will banks be disintermediated? Not really, but they will be disenfranchised, losing direct relationships with customers as banks adapt to becoming pervasive providers of bank products and services, when and where you need them. A split between the distribution and manufacturing of retail FI products will be the core outcome.
Banks can not possibly own the telcos, mobile operating systems, marketing companies, retailers, locations and other elements that will drive the delivery of banking products and services in the near future. This is where the customer will live – this is where they’ll engage. I won’t come to your branch, download your “App” or even visit your website to directly engage the bank if someone else can deliver me that product as I need it.